Urllib Https Example

How to Send POST Request Using urllib Only in Python3 Jumped into Python, having the urllib, urllib2 and urllib3 for Python3; Unfortunate for me as I’m using Python3 there is no urllib2 for it and POST requests in most places I’ve seen it used are used with urllib2. com to be the hostname, so we must not # allow this syntax. This actually only works for HTTP, HTTPS and FTP connections. request fileobject = urllib. The HTTP Upgrade-Insecure-Requests request header sends a signal to the server expressing the client's preference for an encrypted and authenticated response, and that it can successfully handle the upgrade-insecure-requests CSP directive. sun yimo IntroductionThis is my assignment notes for Coursera course "Using Python to Access Web Data". Following the upgrade of Resource Manager to 6. Login to Qualtrics 2. 22 (see the Resource Manager 6. Then we encode to utf-8 bytes. discovery import build from optparse import OptionParser. Through urllib, you can access websites. Predict - Get published application version predictions. scheme: return False # Forbid URLs that start with control characters. request does not support fetching of https locations through a proxy. For example, you have to create a URL object before making the HTTP request. websupervisor. urlretrieve returns silently even if the file doesn't exist on the remote http server, it just saves a html page to the named file. request module print (dir(urllib. Geting errors when using urllib. You can use the urllib module to interact with any website in the world, no matter if you want to get data, post data or parse data. Reading Data from the Web: Web Scraping & Regular Expressions¶ In this chapter you will learn how to read data from web servers. By continuing to browse this site, you agree to this use. …To find out more information. de latitude en longitude coordinaat waarden gescheiden door komma bv, 51. Like Web crawlers, a votebot can be customized to perform tasks in various environment or target different we. request try: url = 'https://www. For example, you can download the Pima Indians dataset into your local directory (update: download from here ). This is a third party library and not officially supported by Gravatar. This video helps you to understand how to create simple program with urllib2 library. It's been a real help and inspiration in building my own web app using Flask. request module print (dir(urllib. For example, the http_proxy environment variable is read to obtain the HTTP proxy's URL. read Try it. came across a point which mentions urllib2 does not support PROXY for HTTPS. This is capable of fetching URLs using a variety of different protocols. urllib package Originally this new package was to be named url , but because of the common use of the name as a variable, it has been deemed better to keep the name urllib and instead shift existing modules around into a new package. request is a Python module for fetching URLs (Uniform Resource Locators). 例えば Python から HTTP API を利用する場合、何も考えずにすぐ requests などの便利な HTTP クライアントモジュールを入れてしまいがちだが、冷静になって考えると「その程度の用途なら urllib. It returns a dictionary containing the auto-detected character encoding and a confidence level from 0 to 1. SD Connect DEMO API API change history. urlretrieve returns silently even if the file doesn’t exist on the remote http server, it just saves a html page to the named file. The only way I can seem to access our Portal (I've tested in. Name Type Description; date: Date: Date in ISO format yyyy-mm-dd. The test server for these examples is in BaseHTTPServer_GET. While reading Kotlin documentation is easy and pleasant, learning everything by example is a different kind of fun. Most of the YDN APIs can provide their output in JSON format, which side-steps the problem of having to parse data out of them; the data arrives already converted in to a useful data structure. This API is currently available in: Australia East - australiaeast. Roots Example Project. Connection pooling. Specific examples:. Re: urllib / urequests for Micropython Post by JoePyC » Sat Jun 11, 2016 7:51 pm I'm fairly new to python in general so I apologize if I'm missing something obvious here but I can't seem to get the urlopen command to work at all. request fileobject = urllib. urlretrieve ('url', 'path'). They are extracted from open source Python projects. Read code examples in Python for our REST SMS API. They are extracted from open source Python projects. We use cookies for various purposes including analytics. urllib3 is a powerful, sanity-friendly HTTP client for Python. x) is vulnerable to protocol stream injection attacks (a. read() queryFile. Most of the YDN APIs can provide their output in JSON format, which side-steps the problem of having to parse data out of them; the data arrives already converted in to a useful data structure. Supported grant types: Authorization code. Urllib module is the URL handling module for python. timeout Number | Array - Request timeout in milliseconds for connecting phase and response receiving phase. Hi all - I'm trying to open an URL using urllib2. sa/NationalAddress/v3. By voting up you can indicate which examples are most useful and appropriate. The urllib. It is used to fetch URLs (Uniform Resource Locators). In Python 3, urllib. 1) The Text Analytics API is a suite of text analytics web services built with best-in-class Microsoft machine learning algorithms. py', it showed the followed errors. The Emails API is a transactional messaging service. To authenticate, include your token under the HTTP header `X-API-TOKEN`. In this article, Toptal Freelance Software Engineer Marcus McCurdy explores different approaches to solving this discord with code, including examples of Python m. HTTPS connections are now verified by default (cert_reqs = 'CERT_REQUIRED'). com/Players/5583/Show/Cristiano-Ronaldo' # now, with the below headers, we defined ourselves as a simpleton. Typically, you will download web-pages written in HTML that were designed for a web-browser to render (draw on-screen) for a human to read. The function prototype is as follows. A typical user agent string contains details like - the application type, operating system, software vendor or software version of the requesting software user agent. これまでの例は画像ファイルのダウンロード・保存だが、ただ単にweb上のファイルを開いてそれをそのままローカルのファイルとして保存しているだけなので、その他の種類のファイルでも同じ関数が使える。. Python's urllib. request module uses HTTP/1. Let's take a look at the example below import urllib2 import urllib # Specify the url url = 'https://www. urllib3 brings many critical features that are missing from the Python standard libraries: Thread safety. Allowed origins must use the HTTPS protocol. 1) The Text Analytics API is a suite of text analytics web services built with best-in-class Microsoft machine learning algorithms. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Learn more about urllib. Python URL Encoding example. It abstracts the complexities of making requests behind a beautiful, simple API so that you can focus on interacting with services and consuming data in your application. Here is an example that creates a scatter plot using Plotly Express, with points colored using the Viridis colorscale. The following are code examples for showing how to use urllib. A set of examples in neo/examples/ illustrates the use of Neo classes. Unless otherwise specified urllib3 will try to load the default system certificate stores. urllib/urllib2 vs requests package in Python Python contains libraries to interact with websites or used for opening HTTP URLs. 7; Ordinal HTTP request HTTP GET request with an Request object. Then we can just put this as a fore loop and so we're not using this lower level read and write code, we're just using a fore loop, and so that literally is going to read. It may be used with JIRA as well -- you'll only need to change the request's URL. For example:. These are now a part of the urllib package in Python 3. Connection pooling. robotparser module provides RobotFileParser class. This function will return an object which can be used to get the url webpage status and content data. The following line of code can easily download a webpage: urllib. + Save to library. urllib/urllib2: · Urllib is a python module used for opening HTTP URLs. This can be done over HTTP using the urllib package or the requests library. Trac XML-RPC Plugin Description. urllib and NTLM Authentication? I dont think it is my list of bug fixes. urllib is a standard Python library (meaning you don't have to install anything extra to run this example) and contains functions for requesting data across the web, handling cookies, and even changing metadata such as headers and your user agent. And so this is the URL that we are going to use to do this. Let's take a look at the example below import urllib2 import urllib # Specify the url url = 'https://www. Let’s take a look: As you can see, urllib is just a one-liner. I will put my notes and codes here sorted by weeks. BeautifulSoup. Face API - V1. Week 1-2 notes Regular Expressionsalso ref. Python’s built-in URL library (“urllib2” in 2. # Print every function inside a module import urllib. 0 access token obtained from ERSAPI. For example, you have to create a URL object before making the HTTP request. urllib3 brings many critical features that are missing from the Python standard libraries: Thread safety. Specific examples:. urlretrieve returns silently even if the file doesn't exist on the remote http server, it just saves a html page to the named file. 1 and includes Connection:close header in its HTTP requests. Returns data based on Protocol Buffers. e regular expression. # In that URL, example. sa APIs, for developers who want to write code that interacts with Data. mkdir /tmp/siliconexpert # 2) Creating a new file (if not exists) to save cookies. Programming examples¶. In this article, Toptal Freelance Software Engineer Marcus McCurdy explores different approaches to solving this discord with code, including examples of Python m. All rights reserved. Hi, Please check the permission of your account in SharePoint site. Registered users may obtain their API key on the user Profile page. The urllib module provides a simple interface for network resource access. parse modules contains functions called quote(), quote_plus(), and urlencode() to encode any string to URL encoded format. It abstracts the complexities of making requests behind a beautiful, simple API so that you can focus on interacting with services and consuming data in your application. This video helps you to understand how to create simple program with urllib2 library. urllib package Originally this new package was to be named url , but because of the common use of the name as a variable, it has been deemed better to keep the name urllib and instead shift existing modules around into a new package. The standard urllib package also has a lot of useful utilities - I frequently use the methods from urllib. import urllib. HTTPSHandler class, then installing it as a handler in an OpenerDirector object using the urllib2. de latitude en longitude coordinaat waarden gescheiden door komma bv, 51. I hang my head in semi-shame, as I had the same issue, except that in my case, the URL I was hitting was valid, the certificate was valid. 2) Would anyone be able to help me fetch https pages with urllib? I've spent hours trying to figure this out. Select an example below and you will get a temporary Jupyter server just for you, running on mybinder. com Toggle navigation. #13 – Python OS, Exception And Urllib Today, I’ll share three things – 1) using OS module to access and print directories, 2) using exceptions to handle runtime errors and 3) using urllib module to fetch data from webpage and store it as a string in a variable. This API is currently available in: Australia East - australiaeast. close() Work with query results. Although urllib can be used with gopher and ftp, these examples all use http. urlopen() function is used to implement access to the target url. Have you ever needed to make your Python program wait for something? Most of the time, you'd want your code to execute as quickly as possible. This is done by installing a non-default HTTPS handler, by first subclassing the urllib2. request module print (dir(urllib. request)) # Prints urllib. With the user_agent header in Python, it's possible to alter that and specify any identity you like. import urllib. Since version 3. This module provides a standard interface to break Uniform Resource Locator (URL) strings in components or to combine the components back into a URL string. By voting up you can indicate which examples are most useful and appropriate. This tutorial will discuss how to use these libraries to download files from URLs using Python. Clone via HTTPS Clone with Git or checkout with SVN using the repository. py 3 の中身を見るとurllibを使ってるので,多分,これにちゃんとプロキシを設定してやれば,解決できるはず. ということで,urllibにどうやってプロキシを設定するのか調べた 4 .. …To find out more information. ZIPファイルやPDFファイルなどのダウンロード. Further information in the main CKAN Data API and DataStore documentation. request fileobject = urllib. urlretrieve(). Python provides several ways to download files from the internet. Create Request object instance as follows. How to fake and rotate User Agents using Python 3 A user agent is a string that a browser or app sends to each website you visit. See the following sections for examples of using Lambda functions with CloudFront. Python urllib. 0 access token obtained from LDServiceAuthServer. request module. This is a third party library and not officially supported by Gravatar. If an attacker could convince a Python application using this library to fetch an arbitrary URL, or fetch a resource. py', it showed the followed errors. Making normal non-proxy post. Urllib Tutorial Python 3 Websites can be accessed using the urllib module. request # Imports the urllib. com and on the. The libcurl tutorial also provides a lot of useful information. urlopen() you can get the contents of the page. sun yimo IntroductionThis is my assignment notes for Coursera course “Using Python to Access Web Data”. urllib is a Python module that can be used for opening URLs. version 'Python-urllib/1. For example:. Much of the Python ecosystem already uses urllib3 and you should too. This module allows us to make HTTP as well as HTTPS requests. The optional timeout parameter specifies a timeout in seconds for blocking operations like the connection attempt (if not specified, the global default timeout setting will be used). # Print every function inside a module import urllib. Subsequent chapters present how to send and receive messages through Jasmin HTTP API and some more advanced use cases, such as manipulating receipts and complex routings, will look like. Client-side SSL/TLS verification. 0 entities "CompanyCars" and "Facilities". x and “urllib” in 3. #13 – Python OS, Exception And Urllib Today, I’ll share three things – 1) using OS module to access and print directories, 2) using exceptions to handle runtime errors and 3) using urllib module to fetch data from webpage and store it as a string in a variable. + "Derivative Works" shall mean any work, whether in Source or Object + form, that is based on (or derived from) the Work and for which the. Geting errors when using urllib. By default urllib2 identifies itself as Python-urllib/x. Hi all - I'm trying to open an URL using urllib2. A Sankey diagram is a flow diagram, in which the width of arrows is proportional to the flow quantity. Although urllib can be used with gopher and ftp, these examples all use http. 2 python we can use a decorator namedfunctools. Example:urllib/urllib2 , requests. In this tutorial, we'll learn to build a Python 3 GUI app from scratch using wxPython and Urllib. HTTPResponse object that may be read like a file object. AI for Earth Land Cover Mapping API (cached) API change history. The Emails API is a transactional messaging service. Python also comes with. If we talk about Python, it comes with two built-in modules, urllib and urllib2, to handle HTTP related operation. urllib的request模块可以非常方便地抓取URL内容,也就是发送一个GET请求到指定的页面,然后返回HTTP的响应:. In python we have lot of modules but for parsing we only need urllib and re i. The analysis_url returned from the above code sample contains the URL that is needed to submit jobs programmatically through the Spatial Analysis service. You can use timeout: 5000 to tell urllib use same timeout on two phase or set them seperately such as timeout: [3000, 5000], which will set connecting timeout to 3s. Returns data based on Protocol Buffers. The AEMP OEM Integration Service will pull specified engine and location information from an OEM provider into your TeMeDa account. sequential module. Start the server in one terminal. By continuing to browse this site, you agree to this use. While you can disable certification verification, it is highly recommend to leave it on. Supported grant types: Authorization code. This document lays out the specification of interacting with the Qgiv Widgets system, allowing for reading widgets. The program will prompt for a URL, read the JSON data from that URL using urllib and then parse and extract the comment counts from the JSON data, compute the sum of the numbers in the file and enter the sum below:. Hi, everyone, when I stduying the part of 'Generating Pretrained FCN-Alexnet', I run the 'net_surgery. SetBasicAuth sets the request's Authorization header to use HTTP Basic Authentication with the provided username and password. HTTPResponse object that may be read like a file object. Defaults to exports. urllib3 brings many critical features that are missing from the Python standard libraries: Thread safety. Request(url) # Sends the request and catches the response response = urllib2. parse contains lots of functions for doing things with URLs (note that in Python 2, these are not organized in quite the same way): urlparse; parse_qs. py 3 の中身を見るとurllibを使ってるので,多分,これにちゃんとプロキシを設定してやれば,解決できるはず. ということで,urllibにどうやってプロキシを設定するのか調べた 4 .. x i need to do just a simple thing like getting the text (as string) and manipulate it. Format - UUID. Creating these strings is a matter of reading the API’s documentation, and then either doing the mind-numbing work of manually creating the query strings. Urllib module is the URL handling module for python. Have you ever needed to make your Python program wait for something? Most of the time, you'd want your code to execute as quickly as possible. ICP connection data API change history. urllib in Python 3 is slightly different than urllib2 in Python 2, but they are mostly the same. com; Brazil South - brazilsouth. Download a Webpage Using urllib In this section, we will be downloading a webpage using the urllib. 1 and includes Connection:close header in its HTTP requests. Amazon S3 Examples¶ Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) is an object storage service that offers scalability, data availability, security, and performance. Note: none of these are "production-ready" code. Supported grant types: Authorization code. I have to use urllib2 (see below if you want to know why I don't just use the requests package) The first request I need to. If you haven't used Python on the Pi to read-and. 0 access token obtained from CRMAPI. By continuing to use Pastebin, you agree to our use of cookies as described in the Cookies Policy. Watch Queue Queue. The OEM Assets will appear on the map, and can be included on Alerts, History Trail, Reports, Maintenance, etc. Let's take a look at the example below import urllib2 import urllib # Specify the url url = 'https://www. Here is the complete documentation of ApiFlash with descriptions of all the available parameters. 9:For HTTPS URIs,urllibperforms all the neccessary certificate and hostname checks by default. Pythonの "urllib. Runtime environment is as follows. Urllib is a package that collects several modules for working with URLs, such as: urllib. 1 and includes Connection:close header in its HTTP requests. Learn more about urllib. For example, when you post an invoice, you don't need to make all the related journal entries and so forth. Python's urllib. com' # This packages the request (it doesn't make it) request = urllib2. I hang my head in semi-shame, as I had the same issue, except that in my case, the URL I was hitting was valid, the certificate was valid. By continuing to use Pastebin, you agree to our use of cookies as described in the Cookies Policy. This video is unavailable. Run the shell script regularly. Python provides a number of modules for performing HTTP requests. Predict - Get published application version predictions. request then you can access urlopen like this: urllib. ; Crowdsignal Create surveys for the web and mobile. It is used to fetch URLs (Uniform Resource Locators). UserDict [done: 3. You may need to transfer ownership if you are attempting to remove a member (a member cannot be removed if they own content or groups). For a more complex example, see the official Pickle example, and for API details, see the official Pickle use documentation. Example:urllib/urllib2 , requests. urllib/urllib2 vs requests package in Python Python contains libraries to interact with websites or used for opening HTTP URLs. Now, when I try and use urllib to open an "https" url, the proxy returns "501 Not Implemented". The urllib module provides a simple interface for network resource access. 3 Note that if headers are supplied, the ‘Content-Type’ header will be overwritten because it. Since version 3. Use Search Console to monitor Google Search results data for your properties. Watch Queue Queue. Say we want to produce a PNG image with 1 row of 8 pixels, with all the colours from a 3-bit colour system (with 1-bit for each channel; such systems were common on 8-bit micros from the 1980s). notes and useful(?) things. The ICP connection data API provides two functions to get data on Installation Control Points (ICP): The GET action - a search function, allows searching by via address filters and returns matching results allowing the correct ICP to be identified. request [/code]There are a few other examples of thi. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. They are extracted from open source Python projects. You could try something like import urllib tests = (("http://www. File uploads with multipart encoding. urequest`` is intended to stay minimal and unlikely will get more features (it's suitable for ~80% of possible usage scenarios). Gets the published predictions for the specified application version using the given query. The second version of the SD Connect API supporting Open Data Types and the new CDM 2. The following are code examples for showing how to use urllib. Downloading files from the internet is something that almost every programmer will have to do at some point. 1, but all the tutorials are for python 2. This method simply validates an existing API key. request module. Programming examples¶. JS, GO, and more. Python) submitted 2 years ago by F_Degrain I've been looking for web scraping tutorial that just explained about basic yahoo finance web-scraping using urllib and printing the output to a file or cmd print (no external libraries or frameworks like lxml, scrapy or beautifulsoup). " This function parses a URL into six components. It defines functions and classes to help in URL actions. urlopen() Examples. request and json sample. Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Support © 2019 ActiveState Software Inc. Then we can just put this as a fore loop and so we're not using this lower level read and write code, we're just using a fore loop, and so that literally is going to read. これまでの例は画像ファイルのダウンロード・保存だが、ただ単にweb上のファイルを開いてそれをそのままローカルのファイルとして保存しているだけなので、その他の種類のファイルでも同じ関数が使える。. Re: urllib / urequests for Micropython Post by JoePyC » Sat Jun 11, 2016 7:51 pm I'm fairly new to python in general so I apologize if I'm missing something obvious here but I can't seem to get the urlopen command to work at all. Geting errors when using urllib. You will have to generate a token and pass that as part of the request. It has a good example to performing REST calls on FishEye/Crucible. SetBasicAuth sets the request's Authorization header to use HTTP Basic Authentication with the provided username and password. Hi all - I'm trying to open an URL using urllib2. x and "urllib" in 3. com' html = urllib. request, urllib. Most of the YDN APIs can provide their output in JSON format, which side-steps the problem of having to parse data out of them; the data arrives already converted in to a useful data structure. parse_qs taken from open source projects. In python we have lot of modules but for parsing we only need urllib and re i. lru_cache() , this function implement a built-in LRU cache in Python, so lets take a deep look to this functionality You have a full…. It also has other features like estimating dominant and accent colors, categorizing the content of images, and describing an image with complete English sentences. To use our database identifier mapping (‘Retrieve/ID mapping’) service programmatically you need to know the abbreviations for the database names. Secure example ¶. Request(url) # Sends the request and catches the response response = urllib2. Supported grant types: Authorization code. Request URL https://apina. For example, you have to create a URL object before making the HTTP request. ; Akismet The anti-spam service for the web. urllib in Python 3 is slightly different than urllib2 in Python 2, but they are mostly the same. parse library is your standard interface for breaking up URL strings and combining them back together. Reading Data from the Web: Web Scraping & Regular Expressions¶ In this chapter you will learn how to read data from web servers. You can use the urllib module to interact with any website in the world, no matter if you want to get data, post data or parse data. sa/NationalAddress/v3. Python urllib. Returns data based on Protocol Buffers. In this tutorial, we'll learn to build a Python 3 GUI app from scratch using wxPython and Urllib. Much of the Python ecosystem already uses urllib3 and you should too. I have a simple JSON based demo rest web service running on my local machine created using JSON Server. Python 2 also has urllib but the methods are arranged differently. This actually only works for HTTP, HTTPS and FTP connections. We can send request headers and also get information about response headers. ; VaultPress Backup and security scanning for your site. Required scope: audiovideoterminal. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: