Json Limit Results

Rate limit. In cases like this, a combination of command line tools and Python can make for an efficient way to explore and analyze the data. JSON-RPC is a remote procedure call protocol encoded in JSON. The function can be used with many other data formats too, it doesn't have to be a result from MySQL, it can be a manually created array, for instance. The numbers in the table below specifies the first browser version that fully supports the JSON. Use --limit -1 to fetch the full result set. The following query uses the operator -> to get all customers in form of JSON:. You can use the mongoexport utility to export data from your MongoDB database, to a JSON or CSV file. Crawler is now targeting Pages and WireArrays based on instance type, not className like it was previously. The most basic schema is a blank JSON object, which constrains nothing, allows anything, and describes nothing: You can apply constraints on an instance by adding validation keywords to the schema. Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. 0 when the minimum PHP requirement went up to PHP 5. This post will show you a number of useful examples of how to work with JSON with Google Apps Script. If you're trying to manipulate that JSON, I'd expect that you'd only be able to handle a JSON string less than half that size (the string remains in memory, and you need at least as much memory to deserialize). The following sections detail the contents of the result objects by statement. JSON is completely language agnostic, making it the ideal interchange format. See where this property is set in the admin console in the attached screen shot. js Parse JSON - Learn to parse JSON data from a variable or file using JSON. Making the request and decoding the result string are only the first steps. To begin pagination, specify a limit value under 1000. 0, if you wanted to parse the JSON results from a call to a Web API, it would require you use one of the database drivers to fetch and parse the JSON data. With this API, you can use RESTful requests to get either web search or image search results in JSON format. Json does not need to. Rate limit. Be sure to add the meteor tag to your question. Such data can also be stored as text, but the JSON data types have the advantage of enforcing that each stored value is valid according to the JSON rules. json exposes an API familiar to users of the standard library marshal and pickle modules. The API doesn’t return more than 10 product suggestions, since displaying that much information can be potentially overwhelming and less relevant to the customer. Your methods will be the standard HTTP methods like GET, PUT, POST and DELETE. If you're using something like javascript's JSON. Results are paged. Returns a hash representing the model. 2 we allow the creation of JSON data using 4 new SQL operators JSON_OBJECT, JSON_OBJECTAGG, JSON_ARRAY, JSON_ARRAYAGG (which are all part of the new SQL 2016 standard). The spec file should be valid formatted YAML. Reducing Serialized JSON Size One of the common problems encountered when serializing. This results in a JSON that contains the four attributes as requested for each of the members. The value of the JSON element is returned in the data type and length that is specified in result-type. net there was a option to change the MaxJsonLength in Json result. It is strictly data. For example, if the location is null for any of the member assets in the selection, that attribute will not appear in the member JSON and helps reduce the response payload size. It maps the result of a JSON data evaluation into relational rows and columns. The table is fairly large (500 + entries), but it is static and will not grow. News API is a simple and easy-to-use API that returns JSON metadata for headlines and articles live all over the web right now. The numbers in the table below specifies the first browser version that fully supports the JSON. The response to a bulk action is a large JSON structure with the individual results of each action performed, in the same order as the actions that appeared in the request. json or project. If you want your results to be filtered by other parameters, then you need to include those parameters in the first request you make. JSON_TABLE creates a relational view of JSON data. Results are clearly demonstrating that (not surprisingly), on the query side, schematized table is outperforming the other option by factors that span from 4x to 300x, depending on query patterns:. Wait until the request returns with the result (as JSON) Display the result received from the PHP file. Previous entries in this blog have shown how you can store and query existing JSON data. If you don't want to get all the results, don't use each, which does iterate through all the results in the first place. While there is a limit to the number of features included in the feature set response, there is no limit to the number of object IDs returned in the ID array response. getToString() json = ParseJSON(result). uri) result = readInternet. In this Power BI Tutorial, Adam shows how you can easily work with JSON data within Power BI. jsoncons is a C++, header-only library for constructing JSON and JSON-like data formats such as CBOR. Parse JSON to Java – Streaming Parser and Generator. js Write JSON Object to File, we have learned to write a JSON Object to a file using JSON. py+SQLAlchemy based backend for a personal project, and found very little information on how to convert a SQLAlchemy Core resultset into JSON. You can store a JSON object in the database, by turning the PHP object into JSON using the built-in function, json_encode - Manual. If you are using MVC4 to handle returning your JSON values, you may want to override the default JsonResult() ActionResult and change the maximum size manually. 0 whereas JSON Patch Bundle 2 needs to be applied on top of 12. So, the limit defaults to 25 and the offset to 0. This is the service contract: [OperationContract] [WebGet(ResponseFormat = WebMessageFormat. Returns the value encoded in json in appropriate PHP type. Internally, it simply calls ko. Note: This policy executes only if the Content-Type of the request or response header is set to application/json. As a result importing large dataset may benefit from being paritioned into multiple files and running a separate cbimport process on each file. My problem is now to use the data from Generate Rows and stream it to Json Input Through HTTP Client automatically without manual download. Module : JSON - Ruby 2. See a full list here. Thus, even if the JSON object that you are querying has only one root element, the FROM clause must begin with S3Object[*]. The string “msg” is assigned with the value from the Json Result (result. NET Web API by wrapping the result set in a simple JSON envelope containing the data as well as paging meta data. The server-side query builder (QueryBuilder) will accept a query description, create and run an XPath query, optionally filter the result set, and also extract facets, if desired. 1 introduces new features that are compatible with JSON-LD 1. Custom Search JSON API can return results in JSON data format. js programs. SQLAlchemy Results to JSON – the Easy Way Another short web coding tidbit for today. When using LIMIT, it is important to use an ORDER BY clause that constrains the result rows into a unique order. json | psql -h localhost -p 5432 feeds -c "COPY news_feed (data) FROM STDIN;" Much like the CSV ingestion, the JSON ingestion should run relatively quickly. For example, the following demonstrates the result when our JSON string contains invalid characters:. This post will show you a number of useful examples of how to work with JSON with Google Apps Script. OData’s JSON format extends JSON by defining general conventions for name-value pairs that annotate a JSON object, property or array. limit - the maximum number of results to be returned. 1, either through the processingMode API option, or using the @version member. > For example, Xcode itself will crash when opening a. Learn more. I am writing a module for an in-house built API. NET Web API This article refers to a pre-release version and yes JSON. :param this_file: The file to be uploaded. It has very specific rules of syntax, so it is very straightforward to determine that a JSON text is syntactically well formed. This is the total number of results to cache before older results are evicted. 0 when the minimum PHP requirement went up to PHP 5. Syntax simplifications are offered for SQL/JSON path expressions, SQL/JSON generation with function json_object, and field projection with SQL/JSON ne Script 336,724 scripts, 2,360 likes, 948 public scripts, 4,040 new scripts created in the last 7 days. The json1 extension is a loadable extension that implements fifteen application-defined SQL functions and two table-valued functions that are useful for managing JSON content stored in an SQLite database. Results are paged. The Octopart API is a REST API that's easy to query in any programming environment. # re: Using an alternate JSON Serializer in ASP. Currently, there are a few plugins that can output data: A JSON plugin that writes data in JSON format to a file. It is given as a JSON string along with the parameter, while the Attibutes and their values are sent along with the input data. This function accepts the following set of arguments. New here? Head over to the Getting started guide and read the API object reference to begin using the Songkick API. NET objects to JSON is that the JSON ends up containing a lot of unwanted properties and values. Stack Overflow is the best place to ask (and answer!) technical questions. This allows the result of the Layout to be useful in many more types of Appenders. How do I query documents, query top level fields, perform equality match, query with query operators, specify compound query conditions. To view the data returned, I copy the HTTP Call Response into a Multi-Line field in a SharePoint list, query the list item and then cut and paste the string into a JSON Viewer (Like http. Internet-Draft JSON Schema Validation November 2017 Assertion keywords that are absent never restrict validation. stream - the XML or JSON stream to map and store. Sean, the JSON engine is a read-only method of parsing the JSON into structures that look like SAS data sets. folder_id: Optional. 0 endpoints have a maximum $limit of 50,000; Version 2. The total number of hits (matching documents) is shown in the toolbar. json_extract seems not working propery: from NEW57. I have a big db with almost 65,000 rows and it will be biger but I want to know how to pass the limit numbers (start - end) of the query to the Json file using the full_numbers or something, because if I limit the query on the server side it truncate the full results and testing with 10,000 turns slow and it show me a notice from. Source: See the parser limits Here: JSON. Next, as shown below, you will either use the Get Data Splash screen option or the Get Data button from the Ribbon to start the Get Data Wizard. This section provides query examples using the OJAI API. There can be a maximum number of results returned to the user set by an administrator. The REST API Returns Unsorted Results: JSON interpreters do not enforce any ordering on the result set. An in depth implementation guide to building a REST API from scratch, while adhering to best practices in API design. Make ResultProxy JSON serializable. limit: The maximum number of results to show on the page. Recent in Blockchain. Introduction – RSS Feed Generator The RSS Feed Generator is the ideal tool for including dynamic and constantly updating iTunes and App Store content on your site or app. I have downloaded the json document and run it in the Json Input, and it seems fine. Requesting an external script from another domain doesn’t have this problem. calls generate on the object and returns the result. js programs. NET Core, you must modify your action to include the attribute [FromBody] on the parameter. offset(#) indicates the observation number to begin filling in the results at, and defaults to 1. Machine identities: in-scope and misunderstood. API keys are free for noncommercial use. Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. 3, the limit has been increased to 8K (8192 bytes). Laravel's database query builder provides a convenient, fluent interface to creating and running database queries. We also use it extensively in Visual Studio Code for our configuration files. In this case I used TOP 3 to limit the result set to just three results. This is due to URL length limitations. tags_exclude Limit result set to all items except those that have the specified term assigned in the tags taxonomy. We will describe methods and steps to implement REST API Pagination in SSIS PowerPack or ODBC PowerPack API Drivers without coding. JSON supports all the basic data types you’d expect: numbers, strings, and boolean values, as well as arrays and hashes. json file made the character [ repeated 10000 times, most probably because the JSON syntax highlighter does not implement a depth limit. txt | python -mjson. By default every results of every query are limited to 100 values. Return the target page. A Cloud Storage JSON API usage limit was exceeded. find() method, you can append limit() to specify the limit. 0","title":"MeSH RDF API"},"host":"id. Hello - I am connecting to MySql and running a query. Rate limit. There are a wide range of feeds available including those for most popular, new and recently added, as well as featured content across all the media types available on. JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) ¶ ↑ JSON is a lightweight data-interchange format. More difficult to decipher large requests. Then we can apply OPENJSON again on Items array and open inner JSON table. For historical reasons, the default is "return" for format=json and "resolve" for other formats. It is strictly data. Ease of Use. In MongoDB, the in-memory sorting have a limit of 100M, to perform a large sort, you need enable allowDiskUse option to write data to a temporary file for sorting. py goes to work?. The code to this project is available in this GitHub repository: cesar-sap/abap_fm_json · GitHub. Two of the many T-SQL functions available in SQL Server are JSON_QUERY() and JSON_VALUE(). After the end of the query, the will be printed on a seperate line or seperate JSON query. Rails is great for making traditional server-rendered web applications. Usage of the Tumblr API is rate limited in a few ways, but we respond with a 429 Limit Exceeded response whenever a consumer hits one of these limits. Hi, I am querying a REST API which returns JSON data. both parent Person columns and child rows). Sort Query Results ; Return only the number of documents you need with the limit() method. Instead, the result from JSON_OBJECT() is converted to a string when assigned to the variable. The result object contents depend on the statement that it is returning results for. First round of tests are executed against the two table structures (plain JSON and schematized) with a Clustered Columnstore index built on both. 10+ JMeter Assertions fully reviewed. Prior to Neo4j 3. If your application tries to use more than its limit, additional requests will fail. 1`, unless the processingMode API option is explicitly set to `json-ld-1. json, VS Code provides features to make it simpler to write or modify the file's content. I couldn't find any way to increase this data length in ASP. The maximum valid limit value is 100. So, the limit defaults to 25 and the offset to 0. Paginate your API requests to limit response results and make them easier to work with. Using this, you can simply add plain text in another object directly after it, and it works as you would expect. Then we can apply OPENJSON again on Items array and open inner JSON table. json that will be much easier to read. See where this property is set in the admin console in the attached screen shot. The advantage of using this parameter is improved performance with large result sets. While orderBy can be used in combination with startAt, endAt, limitToFirst, or limitToLast to return a subset of the data, the returned results will not be sorted. Save the result of JsonDemoController controller method "WelcomeNote" method result in the "result" parameter of the type JsonResult. Instead, the result from JSON_OBJECT() is converted to a string when assigned to the variable. pretty() and the results will be displayed in the same nice JSON format like in the findOne() command. So, the limit defaults to 25 and the offset to 0. limit - the maximum number of results to be returned. Alternate limit can be specified by using the limit directive. If you’re adventurous, follow the instructions below in learning how to save the JSON file. The code to this project is available in this GitHub repository: cesar-sap/abap_fm_json · GitHub. MySQL To JSON really is that simple, with use of the excellent json_encode function we can parse MySQL results extremely quickly and easily. NET is the default serializer now. JSON support in SQL Server 2016 At last, SQL Server has caught up with other RDBMSs by providing a useful measure of JSON-support. tags_exclude Limit result set to all items except those that have the specified term assigned in the tags taxonomy. In this step, you are checking the expected output with the actual output using the Assert method. By default, GET operations, which return a list of requested items, return only the first 25 items. getTotalMatches() or total in the querybuilder. Exports Grouping Result to CSV or JSON. In some cases, this no-op behavior is identical to a keyword that exists with certain values, and these values are noted where known. Local JSON is a new feature added in version 5 which saves field group and field settings as. js console example, you can see the difference:. Embedding videos. The rate limits apply by IP address and by store. Usage limits. Plus, equally simple for machines to generate or parse. Sets the maximum speed allowed when Speed Limit Mode is active. The functionality of the Asset Share Query Builder is exposed through a Java API and a REST API. Besides data tables, it also outputs column names and types, along with some additional information - the total number of output rows, and the number of rows that could have been output if there weren’t a LIMIT. Send a request to the PHP file, with the JSON string as a parameter. The issue is APEX Class is passing empty array to JSON. The Laravel paginator result classes implement the Illuminate\Contracts\Support\Jsonable Interface contract and expose the toJson method, so it's very easy to convert your pagination results to JSON. SQLAlchemy Results to JSON – the Easy Way Another short web coding tidbit for today. JSON; SearchParameters; SearchParameters Data Type. Example Request JSON Try it. JSONLint is a validator and reformatter for JSON, a lightweight data-interchange format. The APIs follow a familiar RESTful standard, using query and path parameters, request/response headers, and JSON request/response bodies. Our open API and this rich data set yield diverse opportunities for developers, from creating new hardware to augmenting the Strava experience. Save the result of JsonDemoController controller method “WelcomeNote” method result in the “result” parameter of the type JsonResult. Is there a limit on the size of the results that can be returned? or on the number / type of fields allowed?. The jQuery XMLHttpRequest (jqXHR) object returned by $. stringify() and JSON. The result object contents depend on the statement that it is returning results for. Webhook Responses. It is strictly data. truncate()), and write your new list out. The REST acronym stands for Representational State Transfer, which is an architectural design. This post will show you a number of useful examples of how to work with JSON with Google Apps Script. Common Fields The following fields are common to all responses. In this node. If you find this service useful, please consider making a one-time donation or become a patron. This document details the protocol interface between the Alexa service and the web service or Lambda function you create. Now you have a new file results. config (jsonSerialization Element[], however you better consider what you are sending over the network as it's affect you application performance. A limit of zero (or less) signals that there is no limit to the number of pages to be loaded, but this can be very dangerous with some servers. 0, importing of JSON files will work by default. Requesting a file from another domain can cause problems, due to cross-domain policy. The response JSON is an array of result objects. Dumps obj as a JSON string, i. NET Web API This article refers to a pre-release version and yes JSON. The server-side query builder (QueryBuilder) will accept a query description, create and run an XPath query, optionally filter the result set, and also extract facets, if desired. :param notify_changes_only: Used in conjunction with notify_url. gps_fixedFind Nearest Station. This post will show you a number of useful examples of how to work with JSON with Google Apps Script. When you run the utility, provide the name of the database, the collection, and the file you want it to be exported to. The JSON format depends on the mode you specify. Module : JSON - Ruby 2. When set, the resume key will be printed only if the query has more results that have not be printed due to limit= (or max query limit) number of results reached. plus ORDS has a row limit that you can bypass using pl/sql. js programs. The responses are piped into python -mjson. Wait until the request returns with the result (as JSON) Display the result received from the PHP file. An example of pre-parsed notification JSON is shown below. Limiting allows you to control the number of objects returned in each set of paginated results. There can be a maximum number of results returned to the user set by an administrator. This file contains a list of list of observations for every hour of the current day for our synoptic station in Sherkin Island, Co Cork. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the ones you don't like. However, this article still serves as guide for replacing the default serializer with something else. API identifies text language and returns language code. Machine identities: in-scope and misunderstood. For most of the operations, INPUT_DATA is required. When this legacy query language is selected, the full JSON-based Elasticsearch Query DSL can also be used. A search for "*" will match, because a "*" wildcard by itself is. Webhook Responses. json configuration parameter. To limit results, add a. Rate limit. js console example, you can see the difference:. I have a big db with almost 65,000 rows and it will be biger but I want to know how to pass the limit numbers (start - end) of the query to the Json file using the full_numbers or something, because if I limit the query on the server side it truncate the full results and testing with 10,000 turns slow and it show me a notice from. Forknote’s Daemon is using the same JSON API as Bytecoin’s daemon. While there is a limit to the number of features included in the feature set response, there is no limit to the number of object IDs returned in the ID array response. How Big is TOO BIG for JSON? Most developers know by now that JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) is the… How to phase out the json loading process to multiple steps to achieve improved user experience? | Solutions for enthusiast and professional programmers - […] search results for some searches. The security of systems that use JSON is determined by the quality of the design of those systems. Will post the solution soon. If you want to return all results as JSON there is even simpler syntax. By continuing to browse this site, you agree to this use. Based on your description it seems to me, that what you are trying to solve is not a storing challenge, but a perfo. 3, the hard-coded upper limit is 256 bytes for string values. Note: When sending long JSON objects in a request, it is necessary to use the POST method instead of GET. Custom Search JSON API can return results in JSON data format. The number of suggestions to display can be flexible depending on the context where they appear. If you want to try things out without installing any software, it's a very handy resource. Parsing data using XML was bit difficult, as the data has to be parsed into the DOM document, making the extraction a bit of a cumbersome exercise. Responses will include a top-level response_metadata attribute containing a next_cursor value. The Custom Search JSON API lets you develop websites and applications to retrieve and display search results from Google Custom Search programmatically. The JSON_VAL function returns an element of a JSON document that is identified by the JSON field name that is specified in search-string. What can you do with XML TO JSON Converter? It helps to convert XML into JSON format. The 1,672 sq. Based on your description it seems to me, that what you are trying to solve is not a storing challenge, but a perfo. If there is significant demand for increased JSON support, Microsoft may elect to implement a JSON datatype in the near future. The response format is JSON. There are a wide range of feeds available including those for most popular, new and recently added, as well as featured content across all the media types available on. When specified for list: - if unset, then the result is returned from remote storage based on quorum-read flag; - if it's 0, then we simply return what we currently have in cache, no guarantee; - if set to non zero, then the result is at least as fresh as given rv. A single Scan operation reads up to the maximum number of items set (if using the Limit parameter) or a maximum of 1 MB of data and then apply any filtering to the results using FilterExpression. Converting UNIX Time from Parsed JSON results in integer limit Mar 26, 2018, 06:54 pm I am trying to get the UNIX time from json data and I can successfully receive the data as a const char* string, but every time that I attempt to turn it into an integer (to make a meaningful data out of it) the value 2147483647 comes up, meaning that it has reached the integer limit (as far as I can tell). The numbers in the table below specifies the first browser version that fully supports the JSON. JSON is the default output format of the AWS CLI. A featureset is a JSON object that contains a list of fields aliases, fields, and field values. When opening a file that ends with. Need review around the 2010 Tachyon XC?. NET is the default serializer now. NET objects to JSON is that the JSON ends up containing a lot of unwanted properties and values. Format query results as JSON, or export data from SQL Server as JSON, by adding the FOR JSON clause to a SELECT statement. Set it to Noneif you don’t want to enforce an upper bound. Accessing resources Authorization to access a user’s resource is granted to clients provided they set a authentication cookie into their request, valued with the proper authentication key. json (default), xml or vdf. Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. JSON - “JavaScript Object Notation” * Limit the search scope to within the specified object. ", "example": "Welcome Post", "type": "string" }, "meta_keywords": { "description": "Keywords for this blog post’s. The response JSON is an array of result objects. A common task in a flow is to modify the properties of a message as it passes between nodes. This is because index is also used by DataFrame. Two of the many T-SQL functions available in SQL Server are JSON_QUERY() and JSON_VALUE(). First round of tests are executed against the two table structures (plain JSON and schematized) with a Clustered Columnstore index built on both. Note: Depending on the version of the API endpoint, it will have different maximums for $limit: Version 2. I have a big db with almost 65,000 rows and it will be biger but I want to know how to pass the limit numbers (start - end) of the query to the Json file using the full_numbers or something, because if I limit the query on the server side it truncate the full results and testing with 10,000 turns slow and it show me a notice from. The security of systems that use JSON is determined by the quality of the design of those systems. We use offset and count in the URL query string to paginate because it provides greater control over how you view your data. In order to detect this JSON-LD 1. This data is schemaless, which means that you don't need to specify ahead of time what keys exist on each object. Definition: Limit is used to limit your MySQL query results to those that fall within a specified range. The Developer Reference aims to provide technical details and API information to help you start building Bitcoin-based applications, but it is not a specification. It is a useful start, even though it is nothing like as comprehensive as the existing XML support. In this step, you are checking the expected output with the actual output using the Assert method. The most basic schema is a blank JSON object, which constrains nothing, allows anything, and describes nothing: You can apply constraints on an instance by adding validation keywords to the schema. Cancels a software update, if one is scheduled and has not yet started. File size limit is 32MB, in order to submmit files up to 200MB in size you must request a special upload URL. While there are some helpful functions for manipulating JSON text in SQL Server 2016, the decision to implement JSON over VARCHAR may limit its overall usefulness. This data is schemaless, which means that you don't need to specify ahead of time what keys exist on each object. Workflow – Understanding returned JSON format Sometimes you need to see the data that is returned by a REST call to be able to work out how to use it. Shopify API JSON Feed / Limit 250 and Pages / GET pulls. This post will show you a number of useful examples of how to work with JSON with Google Apps Script. What I meant above is in fact the external application provide a text file json. md FILE 237 This relies on the characters [, ], , and " not appearing in your filenames, which is not a safe assumption. stringify through JSON. You must invoke the callback method when your Function is done processing. The 1,672 sq. The contents of the `errorSource` and `ErrorResponse` fields are subject to change without backwards compatibility. Export entire MongoDB collections, views, query results, or specific documents to CSV, JSON, BSON/mongodump, SQL, or another collection with the Export Wizard. Since a JSON structure is usually anonymous and doesn't necessarily have a "root member object" JSONPath assumes the abstract name $ assigned to the outer level object. Internally, it simply calls ko. It includes built-in type casting, validation, query building, business logic hooks and more, out of the box. search(limit=20), It won't return result number 80-100, but rather result number 83 - 103. The jqXHR Object. NET as a dependency. JSON is completely language agnostic, making it the ideal interchange format. Dynamics 365 portals: Use liquid to return JSON or XML cv Uncategorized April 17, 2017 7 Minutes For many business requirements to get a desired user experience you may push the limits that the entity list functionality provides. The failure of a single action does not affect the remaining actions. limit: The maximum number of results to show on the page. In previous tips, Advanced JSON Techniques in SQL Server 2016 (Part 1 and Part 2), I gave examples of several JSON functions in SQL Server 2016, as well as how to create an index for efficient searching of text within a JSON document. I have mdx queries and I am getting Json result. Search & Paging Parameters. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: